Split is an urban, cultural and traffic center of Dalmatia with road and sea connections to Dalmatia's numerous summer resorts around. A city of 1700 years old, with variety of archaeological, historical and cultural monuments, among which the most important is the Diocletian's Palace, a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Arriving to Split
You can reach Split by the ferryboat liner which connects the cities Rijeka on the north and Dubrovnik on the south. Also, local ferry lines are available for all the central Dalmatian islands. There are fast and regular ferry lines going from Ancona and Pescara, Italy, to Split.
There are also train connections from Split to the north of the country and further on to the rest of Europe, which all have an option of car transfer.
Split isn't a big city since its North to South diameter is about 5km and the East to West about 10km with the Marjan hill included. Anyway the city is well covered with Buses which run quite frequently up to midnight.
Exploring the islands
Split is the best starting point if you wish to explore the Dalmatia's islands by ferry since it has the biggest ferry port in the area.
If you need fast taxi boat transfers instead of the relatively slow ferry you can find more information about it if you contact us.
There are numerous yacht sailing charters around in Split marinas together in the Kastela and Trogir ACI marinas to start the cruise and exploration of the beautiful Dalmatia islands.
History and culture of Split
Today "the most beautiful city in the world," particularly attractive for the Imperial Palace and the Peristyle (UNESCO), and its unique waterfront or promenade in front of the Palace and Prokurative, to the Marjan hill..
Tourism in Split
In front of Split stretches the Brac Channel, and behind it rises the mountains Kozjak and Mosor from wich You can have views of the islands in a row, Brac, Hvar, Paklenjake, Solta, Korcula, known to all the Dalmatian islands.
Split is the most important center of Dalmatia with a ferry port for shipping lines to islands and is connected by highway to northern Croatia and by Split airport to the whole world.
Tourist offer of Split is interesting for the Split green market. It is the heart of Split, the motives of abundance of various types, flavors, fragrances and colors of fruits and vegetables. For those who want to feel in some way the spirit of the city of Split, its marketplace is certainly a important place.
At the end of the third century AD, the Roman Emperor Diocletian built his palace on the bay of Aspalathos. Here, after abdicating on the first of May in A.D. 305, he spent the last years of his life. The bay is located on the south side of a short peninsula running out from the Dalmatian coast into the Adriatic, four miles from the site of Salona, the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia.
This palace is today the heart of the inner-city of Split where all the most important historical buildings can be found. The importance of Diocletian's Palace far transcends local significance because of its level of preservation and the buildings of succeeding historical periods, stretching from Roman times onwards, which form the very tissue of old Split. The Palace is one of the most famous and integral architectural and cultural constructs on the Croatian Adriatic coast and holds an outstanding place in the Mediterranean, European and world heritage.
In November 1979 UNESCO, in line with the international convention concerning the cultural and natural heritage, adopted a proposal that the historic Split inner city, built around the Palace, should be included in the register of the World Cultural Heritage.
The ground plan of the palace is an irregular rectangle with towers projecting from the western, northern, and eastern facades. It combines qualities of a luxurious villa with those of a military camp. A monumental gate in the middle of each of these walls led to an enclosed courtyard. The southern Sea Gate was simpler in shape and dimensions than the other three. Perhaps it was originally intended as the emperor's private access to boats, or as a service entrance for supplies.
The transverse road (decumanus) linking the east and west gates divided the complex into two halves. In the southern half were the more luxurious structures; that is, the emperor's apartment, both public and private, and cult buildings. The emperor's apartment formed a block along the sea front. Although for many centuries almost completely filled with refuse, most of the substructure is well preserved, giving us evidence as to the original shape and disposition of the rooms above.
A monumental court, called the Perystile, formed the northern access to the imperial apartments. It also gave access to Diocletian's Mausoleum on the east, and to three temples on the west.
The northern half of the palace, which was divided in two parts by the main longitudinal street (cardo) leading from the North Gate to the Perystile, is less well preserved. It is usually supposed that each of these parts formed a large residential complex, housing soldiers, servants, and possibly some other facilities. Both parts were apparently surrounded on all sides by streets.
The Palace is built of white local limestone of high quality, most of which was from quarries on the island of Brac; tuffa taken from the nearby river beds; and brick made in Salonitan and other workshops. Some material for decoration was imported: Egyptian granite columns and sphinxes, fine marble for revetments and some capitals produced in workshops in the Proconnesos.
Water for the palace came from the Jadro river near Salona. Along the road from Split to Salona impressive remains of the original aqueduct can still be seen. They were extensively restored in the nineteenth century.